Immediately before death, a taxpayer is deemed to dispose of all assets at their fair market value (subject to various rollover provisions). As a result, an estate may face cash flow problems where the taxpayer's wealth was in the form of illiquid assets, such as private company shares. In some cases, an election to defer payment of some or all of the tax over a maximum ten-year period may be available to the estate. Generally, this election is restricted to taxes owing on the following types of inclusions in the year of death:
Taxes owing on other types of income in the year of death, such as regular salary, are not eligible for the election.
To make the election to defer the payment of the tax on death, Form T2075 must be filed and acceptable security must be provided to the Minister on or before the day on which the taxes owing would otherwise have to be paid. The first payment is due on the normal balance due date for the terminal tax return with subsequent payments due on or before the next following anniversary of that day.
While the election allows the taxes owing to be paid in equal annual consecutive instalments (to a maximum of ten years), the CRA has confirmed that future instalments can be reduced when a "balloon" payment is made. The CRA will apportion the adjusted balance owing equally over the remaining term of the chosen deferral period.
Interest is charged on the unpaid balance at the prescribed rate applicable in effect when the election was made (currently 5%, compounded daily) from the date when the tax would normally have been due. The prescribed rate does not fluctuate over the deferral term as it is fixed at the rate applicable when the election is made.
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