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June 13, 2024

Tax Tips

Personal Health Service Plans and Shareholder Benefits
Subject: Shareholder Benefits/PHSP's
Number: 04-20
Date: 7/30/2004
There could be shareholder benefits and non-deductible payments for PHSP's.

In a recent case (Spicy Sports Inc.), the Tax Court dealt with private health services plans ("PHSP's"). There are a number of conditions in order to make a PHSP acceptable to CRA. These conditions are not based on the tax law. Instead, it is an administrative policy of the CRA. The main benefit of a PHSP is the ability of a corporation to make a tax-deductible payment into the PHSP which would then reimburse employees for any medical or health expenses. The corporate tax savings on payments to the PHSP are at a rate of 37% in Ontario versus personal tax savings of 25%.

In the case at hand, the issue was whether those payments into the PHSP were a shareholder benefit. The majority shareholder of Spicy Sports Inc. paid in over $38,000 to cover the cost of a knee operation performed in the United States. The corporation had purchased a "cost plus" insurance policy. This is very similar to the policies that are being offered now.

The only person who had used it was the shareholder. The judge stated that the issue was whether the benefit was conferred to the shareholder in his capacity as a shareholder or an employee and whether the payment to the PHSP was a business transaction made by the corporation for the purposes of earning income. The judge determined that the payments into the PHSP were only available to the shareholders and not to all of the employees in the company. He therefore determined that there was a benefit to the shareholder pursuant to subsection 15(1). The judge also went on to state that the payment into the health plan was not deductible as it was not incurred to earn business income.

This case shows an important distinction between those situations where a PHSP has been set up for all employees and those situations where it has been set up for the shareholders. In those cases where the only employees are shareholders, there is a strong possibility that there would always be a shareholder benefit for any payment made into a PHSP. As well, the payment would be non-deductible to the company.

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